Haveri District Profile
Haveri district is exactly in the center of Karnataka with equal distance from Bidar in the far north to Kollegal in the far south. It is also known as the gateway district to the northern districts of Karnataka. Haveri district has a very rich culture and tradition. The district is proud to be the birth place of Santa Shishunala Sharif, great saint Kanakadasaru, Sarvagnya, Hanagal Kumara Shivayogigalu, Wagish Panditaru, Writer Galaganatharu, Ganayogi Panchakshari Gavayigalu, Gnyana Peetha Awardee Dr.V.K.Gokak and many more.
freedom fighter Mailara Mahadevappa, who resisted British rule, is from Motebennur in Haveri
District. Another freedom fighter Gudleppa Hallikere a native of Hosaritti is also from this district. He
started a residential school Gandhi Grameen Gurukul in Hosaritti.
Haveri district along with Gadag district was earlier part of undivided Dharwad district.
Owing to the demands of the people Haveri district was carved out of old Dharwad district and was
formed on 24.08.1997.
History of Haveri district dates to pre-historic period. Evidences are available on existence of pre-historic civilizations on the Tungabhadra and Varada river basins. Stone carvings depicting Stone Age civilizations are found in many parts of the district. About 1300 stone writings of different rulers like Chalukyas, Rastrakutas are found in the district. Though none of the major kingdoms of Karnataka had their headquarters in Haveri, many Mandaliks ruled in this district. Bankapura Challaketaru, Guttavula Guttaru, Kadamba of Hanagal and Nurumbad are some of the well known Samanta Rulers. Devendramunigalu the teacher of Kannada Adikavi Pampa and Ajitasenacharya the teacher of Ranna Chavundaray lived in Bankapura. This was also the second capital of Hoysala Vishnuvardhana. Guttaru ruled during latter part of 12th century and up to end of 13th century from Guttavol (Guttal) village as Mandaliks of Chalukya, independently for some time and as Mandaliks of Sevuns of Devagiri. Shasanas found in Choudapur, a village near Guttal, reveal that Mallideva was Mandalika of 6th Vikramaditya of Chalukyas. Jatacholina, under the leadership of Mallideva built the Mukteshwar temple at Choudapur. Kadambas of Nurumbad during the period of Kalyana Chalukyas ruled about 100 villages with Rattihalli as their capital. Kadambeshwar temple at Rattihalli is a beautiful Chalukya style temple.
All these Samantas who ruled from different parts of the district have left their permanent evidences in the history of the district. Many beautiful temples like Tarakeshwar at Hanagal, Kadambeshwar at Rattihalli, Someshwar at Haralahalli, Nagareshwar at Bankapur, Mukteshwar at Choudapur, Siddheshwar at Haveri, Eeshwar at Galaganath, Jain Basadi at Yalavatti depict the rich culture and history of the district.
Haveri, popularly known for Byadgi chilli variety and its market in South East Asia, is almost in the center of Karnataka. Geographically the district is situated between north latitude 140 28 to140 39’ and east longitude 750 07’ to 750 38’. Haveri is one of the newly formed districts of Karnataka, a decade ago, on 15th August 1997. The district is located in northern semi rain fed and semi malnadu zone. The district is bounded, on the north by Dharwad and Gadag district, on the east by Bellary district, on the west by Uttar Kannada district and on the South by Davangere and Shimoga districts. Dharma, Kumadwati, Varada and Tunga- Bhadra are the four rivers flowing in the district.
Haveri district has historical importance. The birthplace of sarvagna, Abalur is in Haveri district. The district is also proud to be associated with many holy and tourisum places like Kaginele, Abalur, Mailara, Kadarmandalgi, Shishuvinal and Ukkadgathri, etc., National Highway No 4 linking Pune and Bangalore passes through the center of the district providing one of the essential infrastructure for industrial development. Like wise Haveri is well connected through rail network connecting major places like Bangalore, Bombay, New Delhi etc.
Total population of the district is 14,39,116, which constitutes 2.72 % of the total population of the state . Seventy nine percent of the population lives in rural areas as against the state average of 69 %. The density of the population per sqare kilometer was 296, which is more than the state average of 275. The male to female ratio is 943. The SC population is 12.18% and ST population is 8.84% of the total population, while OBC and General is 78.98% of the total population. The agricultural workers are 11.19% (male) and 2.96% (female), while the non-agricultural workers are over 43.49% (male) and 27.75% (female). Literacy percentage of the district is 68.09%. The district has 19 hoblies and 208 gram panchayaths.. The Haveri district comprises 7 talukas, viz., Haveri, Byadgi, Hanagal, Hirekerur, Ranebennur, Savanur and Shiggaon.
DISTRICT PROFILE AT A GLANCE (as on 31 March 2007 )
|1||Geographical area (sq.kms)||4851.56 sq.km|
|a)||No. of taluks||7|
|b)||No. of villages (inhabited)||691|
|c)||No. of villages electrified||691|
|d)||No. of villages connected by all weather roads||691|
|e)||No. of villages having supply of potable water||691|
|3||Agro-climatic region & Zone||Northern Transitional zone|
|4||Population||(in '000) (2001-02)|
|e)||Families below poverty line||66,843|
|5||Classification of workers|
|b)||of(a) Small & Marginal Farmers||129.41|
|a)||Geographical area (in ha.)||485,156|
|b)||Net sown area (in ha.)||360,030|
|c)||Forest (in ha.)||47,454|
|d)||Fallow land (in ha.)||22,999|
|e)||Land not available for cultivation (in ha.)||37,370|
|g)||Area brought under high yielding variety seeds (in ha.)||13955 ha.|
|7||Size of holdings( 2001-02)
|8||Irrigation (in ha.)||2004-05|
|a)||Net irrigated area||59928 ha|
|b)||By canals||2186 ha|
|c)||By wells||185 ha.|
|d)||By other Sources (specify)||2590 ha.|
|9||Consumption of organic and chemical fertilizers and pesticides(per ha.)||0.12 tonnes|
|10||Agriculture support facilities|
|Seed / fertilizers/ pesticides depots||Seed production Center -2|
|Rural Markets/Mandis||7 Agriculture produce market, 13 sub-markets|
|Rural Godowns||11 Nos./ Total capacity 9005 MT|
|Cold Storages||8 Nos./ Total Capacity 50790 MT|
|12||Major food / commercial and
plantation / horticulture crops
Cereals mainly Jowar, Maize, paddy and ragi are grown in the district. The important cash crops grown in the district are groundnut, pulses, chillies and cotton. Mango, sapota, banana, coconut, lime are the major horticultural crops grown in the district. Although no major shift has been observed in the cropping pattern over the years, the farmers in Haveri and Shiggaon blocks are gradually shifting towards soya-bean from ground nut. Also, gradual shift towards plantation crops was noticed in the recent years. shift in agriculture would largely depend on the rainfall pattern during the years.
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