INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM

    More than 70 percent of the Indian farming community own less than one hectare of land. They are categorized as small and marginal farmers. Owing to unpredictable weather conditions, crop failures and unstable market prices, they are a dejected lot and feel that except for going in for a single crop, they cannot dream of venturing any other new practice or improved technology for improving their conditions. To address the needs of such farmers and to ensure sustainable living for them, a low cost farming system model integrating farming system practices and watershed concepts has been developed.

    Most of the requirements of the farm family and farm animals are produced in the model on a sustainable basis supplemented with regular flow of cash income through several farm related subsidiary enterprises.

EMPOWERMENT OF SC AND ST  FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF NORTH KARNATAKA THROUGH IFS APPROACH-2010-11

 Introduction :

         Integrated Farming System (IFS) in a complex related matrix of soil, plants, animals, implements, power, labour, capital and other on and off farm inputs influenced to varying degrees by political, economical, institutional and social factors that operate at many levels. The farming system therefore, refers to the farm as an entity to inter dependent farming enterprises carried out on the farm. For this purpose, the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques and situational analysis methodology have been followed. This will help in planning IFS modules to empower schedule caste (SC) and schedule tribe (ST) farm households. The Transfer of Technology (TOT) centers coming under the technical back stopping of Directorate of Extension, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad will look after this project. The detailed preliminary information is furnished below.

Details on first quarter time scheduled activities for Haveri district  :

Name of the talukas                 :         Ranebennur

No. of villages                         :         02

Category & No. of the farmers :         SC 20, ST - 20

Agro-Climatic Situation            :         Zone 8    (Northern Transitional Zone),Zone 9   (Hilly Zone)

     For empowering SC and ST farmers through IFS activities presently one village from Byadagi and  one village from Ranebennur  were selected and the PRA technique was followed to gather information on various sub titles enlisted as under. 

 Information of Channapur thanda village in Ranebennur taluka 

Name of the village

Channapur thanda

Name of the taluka

Ranebennur

Name of the district

Haveri

Total Population of the village

500

SC Population

Male   270 Female 230

Unemployed

200

Total geographical area

360 acres

Cultivable land

200 acres

Irrigated land

40 acres

Horticulture land

5 acres

Forest Land

Nil

Waste Land

160 acres

Agricultural families

61

Big farm families

20

Medium farm families

21 

Small farm families

20

Type of soil

Red,  Red sandy loam

Agricultural crops

Jowar, cotton, maize, groundnut, sunflower, redgram

Horticultural crops

Vegetables and onion

2. Channapur thanda Village Transect

Particulars

Kharif

Rabi

Topography

Mid land

 

Major crops

 Cotton, Maize, Sunflower,  Jowar

Jowar, maize, 

Fodder Crop

Jowar, bajra

 

Vegetables

Solanaceous and gourd crops leafy, chilli, onion

Cucumber, Ladies finger

Cropping pattern

Cotton, Maize, Soybean, Groundnut

 Sunflower, groundnut

Forest  trees

Neem

Pongemia

Weeds

Jeku, Negalaganne

 

Animal Disease

Foot & mouth disease, Bloat 

 

Plant Diseases &  pests

Groundnut Spodoptera, Leaf minor,  wilt

Sunflower- Necrosis, Hairy caterpillar

Jowar- Shoot fly

Maize- Shoot fly, cob worm

Brinjal- Fruit borer, shoot borer

Cotton- Sucking pest, reddening of  leaves & Mirid bug

Groundnut Spodoptera, Leaf minor,  wilt

Sunflower- Necrosis, Hairy caterpillar

 

Water Resources

Borewell (20)

 

Govt. Infrastructure

Anganwadi (01)

Primary School (01)

Samudaya Bhavan (01)

 

Problems Opportunities

Lack of infrastructural & Institutional facilities.

Lack of logistic facilities viz., transport

 INFORMATION OF ADOPTED VILLAGE OF   ARABAGONDA:

Sl.No.

Particulars

1.

Name of the village

Arabagonda

2.

Name of the taluk

Byadagi

3.

Name of the district

Haveri

4.  

Total population of the village

 

I. SC

Male :    Female :

II. ST

Male :    Female :

III. General

Male : 680   Female : 500

5.  

Total Geographical area

1740 acres 23 gunta

I. Cultivable land

1110 acres

II. Dry land

910 acres

III Irrigated 

200  acres

IV. Horticultural land (Ac)

30 acres

V. Cultivable fallow land (Ac)

-

VI. Forest Land (Ac) 

450 acres

VII. Waste land ( Ac)

220 acres

6.

Total number of agriculturist  families

150

I. Big farmers

25 ( acres)

II. Small farmers

70 ( acres)

III. Marginal farmers

55  ( acres)

7.

Groups

 

I. SKDRDP

 

II. SHG

 

III. Strishakti

 

IV. SHG for men

 

8.

Type of soils and crops grown

Red, black (10%) & mix (10%)

Type of soil

Area (Ac)

Crops grown

Red

890

Save, cotton, jowar

Black

110

Sunflower, maize, cotton, groundnut

Mix

110

Maize, cotton

  VILLAGE TRANSECT ARABAGONDA:

SL.

No

Particulars

Kharif

Rabi

1.

Topography

Midland

 

2.

Major crops

 Maize, cotton, jowar, Soybean

Sunflower, Groundnut, Cow pea

3.

Fodder Crop

Jowar (Hybrid)

Jowar

5.

Cropping pattern (Intercropping)

Maize + redgram/ greengram/Save

 

7.

Weeds

Hanni 

 

8.

Animal Disease

Foot & mouth disease,

Bloat, TRP, Enteritis, Horn cancer, HS,

 

9.

Plant Diseases and pests

Groundnut Spodoptera, Leaf minor, wilt

Sunflower Necrosis, Hairy caterpillar 

Jowar Shoot fly

Maize Shoot fly, cob worm

Brinjal Fruit borer, shoot borer

Cotton - Sucking pest, reddening of levels & Mirid bug

Groundnut Spodoptera, 

Leaf minor, wilt

Sunflower Necrosis, Hairy caterpillar

10.

Technologies

 

 

11.

Water Resources

Borewell- 30

 

12.

Trees

Neem

 

13.

Govt. Infrastructure

Anganwadi (01)

Primary School (01)

Samudaya Bhavana (Sujala office-01)

 

14.

Problems Opportunities

Lack of infrastructural & Institutional facilities.

Lack of logistic facilities, transport

 Integrated Farming System Report Schedule Caste (SC)

Name of the Village & Taluk

:

Channapur Thanda, Ranebennur

Total area (selected farmers)

:

94.8 acre

Irrigated

:

68.6 acre

Rainfed

:

26.2 acre

Critical inputs :

1. Tamarind Seedlings

2. Sapota Seedlings

3. Mango seedlings

4. Lime seedlings

5. Coconut seedlings

6. Drumstick seedlings

7. Maize (African Tall)

8. Maize

9. Sunflower (KBSH-41)

10. Groundnut (GPBD-4)

 

11. Bengalgram

12. Vermicompost pits

13. Azolla

14. Honey bee hives

15. Animal Component

a. Cow

b. Buffaloe

16. Books Package of Practice

a. Agriculture

b. Horticulture

c. Animal Husbandry

Integrated Farming System Report Schedule Tribe (ST)

Name of the Village & Taluk

:

Arabagonda, Byadgi

Total area (selected farmers)

:

165.9 acre

Irrigated

:

79.1 acre

Rainfed

:

86.8 acre

Critical inputs :

1. Tamarind Seedlings

2. Sapota Seedlings

3. Mango seedlings

4. Coconut seedlings

5. Drumstic seedlings

6. Maize (African Tall)

7. Sunflower (KBSH-41)

8. Groundnut (GPBD-4)

9. Bengalgram

10. Vegetable Seeds

a. Chavali

b. Chilli

c. Tomato

 

12. Vermicompost pits

13. Azolla

14. Honey bee hives

15. Animal Component

a. Cow

b. Buffaloe

16. Books Package of Practice

a. Agriculture

b. Horticulture

c. Animal Husbandry

 

         

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 Group meeting Cum Training Programme

DSC028831DSC01264Group discussion with farmers-3